• Explanation of the verb table

    At the beginning of the year, I gave the meaning in English for every action word. But after the first exam, I began to present new action words in the form of a table. It is essential that students understand well how this chart is arranged. This explanation may be helpful to students who have difficulty with the table or with the verb endings. Most of the examples given here are from the Word wall for Exam 10.

    The first column on the left has actions that are “s/he past.” In other words, he or she did (or was doing) something in the past. Note the patterns: Some of them end in -ía, some end in -aba, and others end in -ó (with an accent). 


    creía - s/he believed
    dejó - s/he left or allowed
    quedó (or se quedó) - s/he remained

    There are also a few that do not fit the pattern, for instance ending in -o (without an accent). Work on learning these irregular forms: 

    dijo - s/he said
    dio - s/he gave
    era - s/he was (identity)
    fue - s/he went
    puso - s/he put, placed
    vino - s/he came
    vio - s/he saw

    The second column from the left has actions that are “s/he present.” Note that all of them end in -a or -e. This column is also the key for “you” and “they” forms. You can make any of these words a “you” word by adding -s to it, and you can make it a “they” word by adding -n. 


    espera - s/he waits or hopes
    esperas - you wait or hope
    esperan - they wait or hope
    vuelve - s/he returns
    vuelves - you return
    vuelven - they return

    The only exception is:

    es - s/he is (identity)
    eres - you are
    son - they are

    The third column has “I” words. All of them end in -o (without an accent). The only exception is:  I know (information)


    creo - I believe
    quedo (or me quedo) - I remain
    trato - I try

    The fourth column has “to” words. All of them end in -r. You can turn any of them into a “we” word by taking off the -r and adding -mos. 


    tener - to have
    tenemos - we have
    querer - to want
    queremos - we want
    viajar - to travel
    viajamos - we travel

    The only exceptions are:

    ser - to be (identity)
    somos - we are
    ir - to go
    vamos - we go (or let’s go)